A citizen is someone who belongs to a country either by birth or through naturalization. Christians are “true” followers of Christ. For we to be good Christians, we need to be good citizens.


QUESTION 1: WHO IS A RESPONSIBLE CITIZEN? A responsible citizen is someone who abides by the laws governing one’s region, state or country. A good citizen is one who fulfills his duty as a member of a country or a state. Being a good citizen also entails having a burning desire for the good development of the society. Giving to Ceasar what belongs to Ceasar and God what belongs to God. There are some persons who believe what concerns them is strictly heaven as they are not in any way concerned with anything that transpires in the society they live in.

QUESTION 2: IF THERE IS NO ORDER IN THE SOCIETY, CAN THE RACE TO HEAVEN BE SMOOTH? (In the context of civil unrest.)The Covid19 is an instance. Worship was no longer possible publicly courtesy of the the pandemic. In the conference of catholic Bishops, they brought rules also to aid the government in curtailing the spread of the virus. Should the Bishops have said that they are of heaven and hence they are not going to contribute their quota to curtailing the spread? No. So in adhering to the guidelines, they contributed to putting the spread of the virus in check.

QUESTION 3: A LOT OF PERSONS THINK RESPONSIBLE CHRISTIANS SHOULD NOT BE PART OF POLITICS. WHAT DO YOU THINK ABOUT THIS? AND IF SO, CAN A RESPONSIBLE CHRISTIAN BE A RESPONSIBLE CITIZEN? Politics is a big thing and has earned for its participants a negative omen about truthfulness but however, Christians who know their faith and stand true to it are encouraged to go into politics to impart positively in the nation. Christians are free to join politics inasmuch as they won’t compromise their faith. Some persons think going to church, donating money, belonging to organizations in the church is a form of settling God and when they go out and do wrong things they say, “we have already given to God now we are giving to Ceasar.”.


QUESTION 5: IS IT ENOUGH TO IDENTIFY WITH GOD IN CHURCH ONLY AND BECOME SOMETHING ELSE OUTSIDE THE CHURCH? Just makes you a hypocrite. Can someone actually settle the worship of God with just belonging to organizations in the church? No. Donating huge sums in church is not worship of God and a lot of persons think donations in church make them saints. This is a very wrong mentality.

In our own generation, there is an unholy spirit in the air that is making an optimistic dangerous inroads with the mission to usurp and reset the society with a slogan ‘Build Back Better’. And this unwanted spirit is gaining momentum because the world is suffering from a broken wounded fatherhood. Many men have lost the sense of what it means to be a Man, refused to accept the sanctity of human Life, to understand motherhood as a gift and acknowledge the authority of fatherhood.
We have thrown away the fundamental moral and theological truths. These are untold indications of failed Fatherhood. No wonder we are in a predicament and moral degradation that we find ourselves today. Just imagine the chaotic election in the United States, the agonizing structure of corruption in our country Nigeria, is no longer surprising. Even 52% of marital divorces are signs of a broken wounded fatherhood.
We have thrown away the fundamental moral and theological truths with the slogan.
Part of the madness of modernism and secularism is to de-emphasize the relevance of sacredness and live in the expression of
Allow me to enjoy myself,
This is a free world,
Wetin concern me.
And what could be the fruit of these expressions, now lets begin to download our fuck ups..
Pornography, Umuaka highway, you no dey fear face, Lesbianism, bullying and fighting, malpractice, rioting, nip, tuck and tatooing, stealing, spiritual indifference, some are bold to ask their pastor whether it is really bad to make love to a person whom they love. Inflation of receipt no longer considered as immoral but smartness.
Now, who do we look up to? Sports figures by putting on their jerseys, world actors, actresses or musicians whose lifestyles have caused more harm than good to the same society? Influence of clips of erotic behaviour dominating the screen displays, All these are flawed models and broken bridges.

We have gradually corrupted Lk. 10:3 OR MATHEW.10:16
from “I am sending you out like lambs among wolves” – wolves among wolves
Since we have allowed our sensibility to be blunted by the vices we see around us, we have disappointed Christ who sent us as agents of purification by allowing ourselves to be pulled into the putrefaction around us. Hence the question, where really do we Christians distinguish ourselves from those who do not profess the name of Christ?
For the Jews, there are six great works that brought a man credit in this world and profit in the world to come. – study, visiting the sick, hospitality, devotion in prayer, the education of children and thinking the best of other people. The Jews knew that kindliness in judgement is nothing less than a sacred duty.
Again and again, men and women who became famous have been dismissed as nonentities. In his autobiography, Gilbert Frankau tells how in the Victorian days his mother’s house was a salon where the most brillant people met. His mother arranged for the enterainment of his guests. Once she engaged a young Australian soprano to sing. After she had sung, Gilbert Frankau’s mother said, what an appalling voice. She ought to be muzzled and allowed to sing no more’’ the young singer’s name was Nellie Melba. Gilbert Frankau himself was producing a play. He sent to a theatrical agency for a young male actor to play the leading male part. The young man was interviewed and tested. After the test Gilbert Frankau telephoned to agent. This man, “ This man,” he said, “will never do. He cannot act, and he never will be able to act, and you had better tell him to look for some other profession before he starves. By the way, tell me his name again so that I can cross him off my list”. The actor was Ronald Colman who was to become one of the famous the screen has ever known.
There is hardly anyone who has not been guilty of some grave misjudgement; there is hardly anyone who has not suffered from someone else’s misjudgment. And yet the strange fact is that there is hardly and commandment of Jesus which is more consistently broken and neglected.
There are three great reason why no man should judge another.
We never know the whole facts or the whole person. Long ago Hillel the famous Rabbi said, “Do not judge a man until you yourself have come into his circumstances or situation”. No man knows the strength of another man’s temptations. The man with the placid and equable temperament knows nothing of the temptations of man whose blood is afire and whose passions are in christian surrounding knows nothing of the temptation of the man brought up in a slum, or in a place where evil stalks abroad. The man blessed with fine parents knows nothing of the temptations of the man who has the load of a bad heredity upon his back. The fact is that if we realized what some people have to go through, so far from condemning them, we would be amazed that they have succeed in being as good as they are.
No more do we know the whole person. In one set of circumstances a person may be unlovely and graceless; in another that same person may be a tower of strength and beauty. In one of his novel mark Rutherford tells of a man who married for the second time. His wife had also been married before, and she had a daughter in her teens. The daughter seemed a sullen and unlovely creature, without a grain of attractiveness in her. The man could make nothing of her. Then, unexpectedly, the mother fell ill. At once the daughter was transformed. She became the perfect nurse, the embodiment of service and tireless devotion. Her sullenness was lit by sudden radiance, and there appeared in her a person no one would ever have dreamed was there.
There is kind of crystal called Labrador spar. At first sight it is dull and without lustre; but if it is turned round and round and here and there, it will suddenly come into position where the light strikes it in a certain way and it will sparkle with flashing beauty. People are like that. They may seem unlovely simply because we do not know the whole person. Everyone has something good in him or her. Our task is not to condemn, and to judge by, the superficial unloveliness, but to look for the underlying beauty. This is what we would have others do to us and that is what we must do them.
It is almost impossible for any man to be strictly impartial in his judgement. Again and again we are swayed by instinctive and unreasoning reactions to people. It is told that sometimes, when the Greeks held a particularly important and difficult trial, they held it in the dark so that judge and jury would not even see the man on trial and so would be influenced by nothing but the facts of the case.
Montaigne has a grim tale in one of his essays. There was a Persian Judge who had given a biased verdicts and he had given it under the influence of bribery. When Cambysses, the king, discovered what had happened, he ordered the judge to be executed. Then he had the skin flayed from the dead body and preserved; and with the skin he covered the seat of the chair on which judges sat in judgement, that it might be grim reminder to them impartial. Only God can judge.
But it was Jesus who stated the supreme reason why we should not judge other man. Jesus drew a vivid picture of man with a plank in his own eye trying to extract a speck of dust from someone else’s eye. The humour of the picture would raise a laugh which would drive the lesson home.
Only the faultless has a right to look for faults in others. No man has a right to criticize another man unless he is prepared at least to try to do the thing he criticizes better. Every Saturday the football terracing are full of people who are violent critics, and who would yet make a pretty poor show if they themselves were to descend to the arena. Every association and every church is full of people who are prepared to criticize from the body of hall, or even from an arm-chair, but who would never even dream of taking office themselves. The world is full of the people who claim the right to be extremely vocal in criticism and totally exempt from action.
No man has a right to critcize others unless he is prepared to venture himself in the same situation. No man is good enough to criticize his fellow- men.
We have quite enough to do rectify our own lives without seeking censoring to rectify the lives of others. We would do well to concentrate on our own faults, and to leave the fault to others to God

The limitation of being contented with the fact that they avoid sin, a limitation of being satisfied in doing nothing good as far as they commit no sin is an expression of human weakness. They avoid sin in order to escape God’s wrath. Hence we call it SIN-AVOIDING SPIRITUALITY
This kind of spirituality syndrome could be found in Jonah, who became very indignant, fell into a rage and even wished himself dead (Jonah 4:1-3) because God pardoned these sinners in Nineveh, whom he wanted to see as banished into the remotest part of the underworld.
This syndrome of SIN-AVOIDING SPIRITUALITY could be found in our lives in different ways. In those moments we discriminate and believe that there should be a limit to God’s benevolence, especially to wicked people in our society, taking extreme joy and pleasure in their misfortune, and blaming God when they gain favor. In those moments, we find it difficult to understand the pitiable condition of those who are living immoral lives, and refuse to thank God for the grace of living a righteous life. In those moments in which we have refused God’s message to prudently pray and preach for the conversion of sinners rather than their destruction.
The gospel therefore encourages us to move beyond SIN-AVOIDING SPIRITUALITY to GOD CENTERED SPIRITUALITY; that is a Spirituality that avoid sin because we love God and not because we fear hell, a Spirituality to let go and let God, to detach in order to attach, to leave in order to cleave to God. And above all, to learn to love and never to wrath against sinners.
When Jesus said in gospel that the hour has come when the Son of Man must be glorified” Jn.12;23 the listeners would catch their breath by remembering what Daniel said about him Dan.7:13-14. To the Jews, the son of man stood for the undefeated world conqueror sent by God.
But unfortunately for them, Jesus did not mean by glorified what they understood. For them it means that the subjected kingdoms of the earth would grovel before the conqueror’s feet.
They thought the conquest of the armies of God, but our blessed Lord meant the conquest of the Cross. We will never understand Jesus, nor the attitude of the Jews to him until we understand how he turned their ideas upside down, REPLACING A DREAM OF CONQUEST WITH A VISION OF A CROSS. And the tragedy is that they refused to try.

Today, THE BALL IS NOW IN OUR COURT TO TRY. In order not to make the same mistake that they made, there is something interestingly significant here for us to understand. When we recall what happened at the marriage at cana ( Jn. 2:4), Jesus told his mother- ” woman, my hour had not yet come”. In his conversation with the woman at the well of Jacob, he says ” the hour is coming” (Jn. 4:21). The same expression was repeated in the episode at the pool of Bethsaida (Jn.5: 28). In all these events, it was miracles that were recorded.
The big question therefore is, why was it not the hour at those moments but it became the hour in this gospel passage. In other words what is the difference between those circumstances and the present one? When we hear that Jesus refuse to associate such great miraculous events with the hour, it suggests to us that the hour must be something unique and precious to Jesus. THE HOUR TRULY MEANS THE HEART OF HIS MISSION. The purpose for coming into the world. And so, what Christ wanted to be remembered for was not the very miracles he performed while on earth, not even the walking on the sea or raising the dead. The hour that Christ calls the hour of glory is found in the context in which he talks about the wheat grain dyingjn. 12:24. And that is his crucifixion.
WHAT DO WE LEARN HERE – THE GRAIN OF WHEAT IS INEFFECTIVE AND UNFRUITFUL UNTIL IT DIES AND NOT PRESERVED. Remember Tertulian exclamation, “the blood of martyrs is the seed of Christianity”. By spending life do we retain it. Not once or twice but many times Jesus insisted the man who hoarded his life must in the end loose it. And again by service come greatness.

Above all, that crucifixion which is his hour of glory is re- enacted at Holy Mass, so that we can gain power to repeat the sacrifice as we depart from the Mass. And to all, who will follow Christ’s hour, will be glorified with him.
Against the above hypothesis, what is the best way to improve our society?

Meanwhile, when an engineer or an architect discovers a danger in a building, he gets back to the blueprint. It is with this Special strategy that God, the creator of the world is drawing our attention to a Man with the title, terror of Demons, the virginal father of Jesus, the most chaste, loving and sacrificial husband of the most beautiful woman ever. It is St. Joseph, the only man that is fit as fiddle at this moment to withhold the devil from taking advantage of this brokenness, of this woundedness.
Our attention is also drawn to what it means to be a Christian, those who are not of this world but are in the world. They have the better opportunity of building a responsible society. The Holy Spirit inspires the Church for this special gift of character restructuring. The devil is a strategist but efforts has been set on top gear towards a tremendous victory over darkness.
Therefore, We are not going to build back better anything until different families begin to experience a sacrificial and virtuous father in a manner that recognizes the centrality of the holy family of Jesus, Mary and Joseph.

Now is the time to bring in St Joseph in a special manner into the Church in order to accompany his most chaste spouse, the Blessed Virgin Mary in this battle. Our Blessed Lord, on the cross offered us his Mother as a gift to guide the Church. But in a present world that is suffering different family crisis, contraceptive attacks and threats of abortion, there should be a greater interest in family and society strategy.

Meanwhile, the declaration of this year as a Year of St Joseph by Pope Francis on Dec. 8, 2020 is a commemoration of 150 years that Pope Pius IX declared St Joseph as the Patron of the universal Church. We could imagine why the Church have not thought of the need of St Joseph until the 20th and 21st century.
Besides the Holy Spirit has been working behind the scene for this appointed time. History could reveal that it took 1889 years for the Church to get an official document on St. Joseph, under the auspices of Pope Leo XIII,
History also reveals that no church was dedicated to St Joseph in Rome until the 20th century.
The very first apparition that witnessed St Joseph was that of Fatima precisely in October 1917, when he accompanied our Blessed Virgin Mary to bless the world with the infant Jesus. The appearance of the holy family at Fatima is attested to by St. Lucy de Sanctos who died sometimes in 2005, when he revealed in 1925 from that apparition that the final battle will be over marriage and family.
And it was even later in 1921 that Blessed be St Joseph was added to the benediction hymn. In 1962, his name began to appear at Mass. In 1989, a second document about St Joseph was published by Pope St John Paul II.
We have not wondered why for 2000 years, no papal name has assumed Pope Joseph and no year have been dedicated to St Joseph until now.
All these recent developments could testify why Jesus never offered this gift of his Father on the Cross as he did about his Mother. The Holy Spirit rather saved this paternal gift in our time which is experiencing huge crisis as never before. So, this critical moment is an era of St. Joseph. he is not in any way competing with Mary, her spouse.
Besides Blessed Virgin Mary is greater considering her immaculate conception and title as theotokos (Mother of God), but there is something we need to unpack about those graces in him that fitted him to be the husband of the Mother of God, Pope Francis in patrick cordes, the father’s heart, called him a miracle. And just as our Blessed Lord grew up in wisdom and love of God under their care, so also, we who are brothers and sisters of Jesus ought to recognise both of them as our Spiritual parents.

Thus, for us to conquer with him, we need to imbibe some of the great qualities of who in his holiness, virtue, sanctity, maturity and depth of interior life was able to play a special role as Father of God made Man. Come to think of it, though Jesus does not look like Joseph since he is not his biological father, yet when you see Jesus in action, you see that manliness and authoritative figure and special character that Joseph inculcated in him.
In order to join our beloved father Joseph in the building of our society, there are qualities he inculcated in Christ, which he unfolded at the sermon on the Mount. Here we go.
When our blessed Lord began to teach what he learnt from his father Joseph, the gospel of Mathew 5 says
he had to sit down (as Jewish Rabbi does for official teaching), open his mouth (for a solemn, grave, dignified utterance and a sign that one is opening his heart and fully pouring out his mind).

Blessed are the poor in spirit, that is the man who has realised that things mean nothing and that God means everything. Does it now mean that actual material poverty is a good thing?

Blessed are those who mourn, that is desperately sorry for the sorrow and suffering of this world. Preferrably, one who is desperately sorry for his own sin and his own unworthiness.

Blessed are the meek. For Aristotle Praotes is the mean between orgilotes (excessive anger) and aorgesia (excessive angerlessness). in other words, being angry at the right time and never angry at the wrong time. One who has the humility to know his own ignorance, weakness and need.

Blessed is the man who hunger and thirst for righteousness. How much do you want goodnesss in the society? As much as a starving man wants food or a man dying of thirst wants water?
Blessed are the merciful. The New Testament is insistent that to be forgiven, we must be forgiving. So often, we express kindness in our own way, whether the receiver likes it or not.
Blessed are the pure in heart. The man whose motives are always entirely unmixed
Blessed are the peacemakers. Those who make this world a better place to live in. Abraham Lincoln once said, die when I may, I would like it to be said of me, that I always pulled up a weed and planted a flower where I thought a flower would grow. This is the beatitude of those who have lifted the world a little further on. Who have established right relationships between man and man. Not people who are always storm-centres of trouble, bitterness and strife but people in whose presence bitterness cannot live, people who bridge the gulfs, heal the breaches and sweeten the bitterness.
Blessed are those who are persecuted for righeousness sake. Jesus came not to make life easy but to make men great. Preferring loyalty to living. It is a moment in the drama of eternity. Time to make things easier for those who are to follow. The blessing of liberty we are enjoying today was bought at the cost of blood, sweat, and tears of early christians.
You are the salt of the earth. The greatest compliment that can be paid to any man. Salt is an ancient expression to stress someone’s solid worth and usefulness. Salt represents three special qualities
Purity (from the sun and the sea) as against world lowering of standards in honesty, work, morality etc. James 1:27
Preservatives. To preserve the society from corruption, a christian must have a certain antiseptic influence on life. A person who by his presence defeats corruption and makes it easier for others to be good.
Palatable. Food without salt is a sadly insipid and even a sickening thing. Some persons have connected christianity with that which takes the flavour out of life.
Even after Constantine had made Christianity a religion of the Roman empire, Julian wished to put the clock back and to bring back the old gods because for him, christianity took the vividness of life. In a worried world, the Christian should be the only man who remains serene, in a depressed world, he is full of the joy of life, not dressing like a mourner in a funeral or spectre in a feast. As salt of the earth, he should be a diffuser of joy.
You are the light of the world.
It is not the demand of Jesus that we should produce our own light. We must shine with the reflection of his light. That is the radiance of his presence in our heart.
A light is meant to be seen not only within the church but also in ordinary activities of the world for there can be no such thing as secret discipleship.
A light is a guide. A christian must make the way clear to others through example, prepared to be a foci of goodness. Someone must rise and say, I will not be a party to that before others can join.
A light can often be a warning light that tells others to halt when there is danger ahead. One of the most poignant tragedies in life is for someone especially a young person, to come and say to us I would never have been in the situation in which I now find myself, if you had only spoken in time. There is a famous teacher and principal who rebukes her students with her arm round about them. If our warnings are given, not in anger, not in irritation, not in criticism, not in condemnation, not in the desire to hurt but in love, they will be very effective.
The light which can be seen, which guides and warns, are the lights the christian must be.
Do not think that I have come to destroy the law or the prophets… but to fulfil them- most astonishing statement of Jesus on the sermon on the mount because the same Jesus was condemned and crucified as a law breaker. In the time of Jesus, religion, serving God was a matter of keeping thousands of legalistic rules and regulations. But that is certainly not what Jesus meant by the Law. The one great principle is that in all things a man must seek God’s will, and that when he knows it, he must dedicate his whole life to the obeying of it. The scribes and the pharisees were right in seeking God’s will, and proundly right in dedicating their lives to obeying it but they were wrong in finding that will in their man made hordes of rules and regulations.
For Jesus, if we look at the ten commandments, which are the essence and the foundation of all law, we could observe that their whole meaning is summed up in one word- respect, or even better reverence. that is the principle of reverence for God and respect for our fellow men amd for ourselves. Without them, there can be no such thing as law neither can there be anything like building a better society. For Justice, said the Greeks, consists in giving to God and to man what is their due.
That respect and reverence did not consist in obeying petty rules and regulations, they consisted not in sacrifice, but in mercy, not in legalism but in love, not in prohibitions which demanded that men should not do things but in the instruction to mould their lives on the positive command to love. Reverence and respect are the permanent stuff of man’s relationship to God and to his fellow men.

When we could not meet up with the demand of reverence and respect, let us make peace in time as Mathew 5:25 instructs us. What Jesus is saying here is that if you want happiness in time, and happiness in eternity, never leave an unreconciled quarrel or an unhealed breach with anyone. Act immediately to remove the barrier which anger has raised.
Mathew 5:38-42 Jesus abolishes the old law of limited vengeance and introduces the new spirit of non resentment and non retaliation.
If anyone smite you on the right cheek, we must turn to him the other cheek also. The true Christian has forgotten what it is to be insulted, he has learnt from his master to accept any insult and never to resent.
If anyone tries to make away with our tunic, … offer him our cloak also. By right, a man’s cloak will not be taken permanently from him. The christian thinks not of his rights but of his duties, not of his privileges but of his responsibilities.
If anyone compells you to go one mile, … go two miles. don’t be always thinking of your liberty to do as you like. Be always thinking of your duty and your privilege to be of service to others. Two ways of doing things a way to make it clear that he hates the whole thing or with a smile, with a gracious courtesy.
Mathew 5:43-48 the central and most famous section of the sermon on the mount. To love our enemies. Love here is Agape. Agape means, no matter what the person does to us, no matter how he treats us, no matter if he insults or injures us, we will never allow any bitterness against him to invade our hearts. But will regard him with that unconquerable benevolence and goodwill which will seek nothing but his highest good. In loving our enemies, certain things would emerge; Jesus never asked us to love in the same way as we love our nearest and dearest, whom we cannot help loving and falling in love.
To love our enemies is something of the heart and will. Not a feeling of the heart but determination of the mind to love those you do not like. Agape does not allow people to do absolutely as they like. We are also asked to pray for them. Since we cannot go on hating another man in the presence of God, the surest way of killing bitterness is to pray for the man we are tempted to hate.

Be perfect as your heavenly father is perfect. Perfect is telos meaning end, purpose, functional, aim, goal. A man is perfect if he realizes the purpose for which he was created and sent into the world. Gen. 1:26 – God created us in his image and likeness. Therefore, we realize our manhood, we enter upon christian perfection when we learn to forgive as God forgives and to love as God loves.
The attitude of the centurion to his servant/slave moved Jesus to answering him as he really believed. It is not about how long we have become Christians but how we have allowed the faith we possess to influence our relationship with people.
Remember, our devotion to St Joseph begins from being faithful to our family responsibilities. Husbands love your wives, wives be submissive to your husband and children obey your parents and the society will be a better place.


    Fadatec, I compliment your intellectual strength in expounding the rubrics of social issues in the contemporary time. For politics, some people say it is a dirty game. But I personally observe that to ensure personality, national and sustainable growth and development of any nation or country, Honest and Clean individuals should participate in politics. Politician are encouraged to read the life and the Leadership style of Julius Nyerere ot Tanzania.

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